228; [O.E.D.: Oaf. An elf's child; a changeling left by the elves or fairies; hence a misbegotten, deformed or idiot child; a half-wit, dolt or booby]; 232; transformation, 237; hit by lightning, 463; 603; 757
232; Lud's mother
721; Insurgents in Ireland in 1763 who rose against forced labor on the roads and the exacting of tithes. Their badge was a sprig of oak worn in the hat.
132; "from Bush to Oast unmediated"; this would refer to the brewing of beer, from the hops to the oast which is a conical kiln used for drying hops, malt or tobacco.
522; Spanish: "the work"
54; this is a reference to Patrick O'Brian, the novelist of the Napoleonic Wars whose nautical tales of Captain Jack Aubrey and Dr. Stephen Maturin qualify him as "the best Yarn-Spinner in all the Fleets"
167; big cheese; Check this out!N.B. that is not the cheese rolling Pynchon is describing, though. He is talking about the cheese rolling at . Pychon is repeating a common fallacy that Double and Single Gloucester refer to the size of the cheese. In fact they refer to chese made from double or single milk (whole or skimmed).
497; an ancient Irish & British writing "invented by Hu Gadarn the Mighty"; 600; MORE
Old Q, the Star of Piccadilly
260; Douglas, William, third Earl of March and fourth Duke of Queensberry 'Old Q' (1724 - 1810): Only son of William, second Earl of March, and his wife, Lady Anne Hamilton. He succeeded his father to the Earldom of March in 1731, and his cousin to the Dukedom in 1786. An inveterate speculator, he was notorious for his behaviour on the Turf. As an early mentor of Fox, he was blamed for teaching the future political his extravagant gambling habits. He lived in Picadilly, London, and was indeed known as "Old Q, the Star of Piccadilly" or "Old Q, the Rake of Piccadilly."
Thanks to The Robert Burns Encyclopedia
532; on of the five nations of North American Indians, near what is now Syracuse; the name is variously translated as "keepers of the flame," "people of the hills" and "people of the mountains"; Hiawatha was an Indian belonging to the Onandaga tribe and was recruited by a prophet who brought the people of the five nations to peace after extensive war.
138; Once Over
440; a rock consisting of small round grains, usually of calcium carbonate cemented together. These small grains or "ooids" are formed in concentric layers. "see" Wikipedia, or Tox's take on Force Intensifiers
154; a gun
351; in Hamlet
292; by Dock Creek, in Philadelphia
668; shit, or something that is morally degrading
377; any of the constitutional monarchists in 18th- and 19th-century France who favoured the Orléans branch of the house of Bourbon (the descendants of Philippe, duke d'Orléans, younger brother of Louis XIV). Its zenith of power occurred during the July Monarchy (1830-48) of Louis-Philippe (duke d'Orléans from 1793 to 1830). (From [http://www.britannica.com" target="_blank">Encyclopedia Britannica Online</a>)
219; also Ormudz, Mithraic god of light and good, one of two gods in the ancient Persian religion Zoroastrianism, the other being Ahriman, god of darkness and evil. Zoroastrians were known as Fire and Sun worshippers because their ritual identifies Ormudz with fire and with the Sun. Fire was used in some of their religious ceremonies.
441; Crimp (An agent or contractor for unloading coal-ships; agent whose business was to entrap men for service in the army, navy, etc, esp by decoying or pressing them; a deceptive or coercive agent) on M-D Line crew
147; In Greek myth, the Thracian poet who could move even inanimate things by his music. When his wife Eurydice died, he journeyed to the underworld and so charmed Pluto that Eurydice was released on the condition that Orpheus not look back to see if she was following him when he led her out. He did and she immediately vanished. Thracian women, enraged at Orpheus' prolonged grieving, tore him to pieces; See also Eurydice; Orpheus myth in Gravity's Rainbow
689; native orange to lemon yellow arsenic trisulfide, a pigment
94; an apparatus showing the relative positions and motions of bodies in the solar system by balls moved by wheelwork; 209; of Engagement, 536
510; A course unbleached linen or hempen cloth first made in Osnabruck, Germany. It was commonly used for trousers, sacking, and bagging. Osnabrigs were used at Williamsburg to strengthen wallpaper. They are to have been made in brown, blue, and white although other colors were probably available. In the colonial period (1767) Osnabrig was woven in Germany, Lancashire, and Scotland.
420; "otick" means of the ear; "catarrh" refers to any Inflammation of a mucous membrane, caused by one of many factors, including the common cold. Mason's sarcastic description of Dixon loudly and 'moistly' whispering in his ear.
210; "terrible massed beat of their wings [...] Snowy Owl Year [...] white visitors from afar" 513; 597
Oxenstjerna, Axel (1583-1654)
272; Swedish chancellor (1612-54) who, while head of the regency during the minority of Queen Christina, caused the founding of a trading and colonizing agency, the New South Company, giving it a land grant in the area of Delaware Bay. Fort Christina, at the present site of Wilmington, DE, was erected in 1638, and several other forts subsequently. However, Swedish influence in America was ended in 1655 when Peter Stuyvesant, the governor of New Netherland, captured the forts with ease.