341; M&D's guide in Lancaster

7; a fall of lace (or cloth) attached to the front of the neckband of 18th century men


From The Tyree Name (website long gone):

"Jacobite" meant supporters of King James Stuart (Jacobus = James in Vulgate Latin) and his descendants as the God-chosen and therefore true Kings of England. When the Scottish King James IV, married English King Henry VIII's sister, the lines became one in their son James V; and James V's daughter, Mary Queen of Scots. When Mary was killed off from the line of succession in England, her son, James VI, became first in line (especially for Catholics) for the English throne, which he finally ascended as James I of England. Even after the execution of his son Charles I and the removal of his grandsons, Charles II and James II ("the Old Pretender"), this line was celebrated as the true heirs — in fact and song and story: Prince Charles Edward Stuart ("Bonnie Prince Charlie, the Young Pretender"), the grandson of James II, attempted a comeback in 1745. Their lineal descendants had adherents up until the First World War, when the current heir turned out to have become too closely related to the Kaiser.

James's Town,108; "in America?" 226; "Jacobite refuse of Scotland" 309; "When Night was Day/And Day was Night/Who, then, was the Jacobite?" 311 ["When Adam delved and Eve span/Who was then a gentleman?" - Bartlett's: "Text used by John Ball for his speech at Blackheath to the men in Wat Tyler's rebellion. (1381)"; "Anyone who was seventeen [ in 1745-46 ] [...] was Jacobite" 311-12; "So Jacobites must speak in children's rhymes" 350; "Are your Weavers Jacobites, then?" 501; "any hair worn forward of the shoulders, is but Jacobitism by means of Coiffure" 551; "simple Jacobite Persistence" 558; Swedish, 611; See also James II; MORE; Wikipedia entry

James, Major

James II (1633-1701)

336; aka, James Stuart, Duke of York, brother of Charles II, and king of England from 1685-88; he converted to Catholicism and, upon his accession to the throne, attempted to overthrow the church and establish Catholicism as the official religion. This, along with many other fairly outrageous acts, made him very unpopular and several politicians solicited William of Orange (James' son-in-law and nephew) to invade, which he did. James fled to France; his supporters, and his descendants who claimed the throne of Great Britain and Ireland, were called "Jacobites"; they were strong in Scotland and the north of England until after the uprising of 1745; "dead hand of"; See also Jacobites

James's Town
106; on St. Helena

377; In 1640 Augustinus, a book by the Dutch theologian Cornelius Jansen (1585-1638) was published posthumously. A defense of the theology of Augustine against the dominant theological trends of the time within Roman Catholicism, its special target was the teachings and practices associated with the Jesuits; Convulsionaries, 543

Janvier, Mary
327; her ale house at Christiana Bridge

Jasmine Absolute

456; An essential oil derived from the flowers of the jasmine bush, used for fragrance and skin care. Its properties are nervine, antidepressant/euphoric, and aphrodisiac.

699; son of slave-driver Dixon attacks

Jefferson, Thomas
395; author of Declaration of Independence and US President

Jehu son of Nimshi
357; driver of Jesuit-built Coach

Jellows, the Fabulous
23; keepers of the Learnèd English Dog

Jenkin's Ear Museum

175; in or about Break-Neck Valley on St. Helena

Jenkin, Robert
175; English merchant captain trading in the West Indies who claimed that his sloop had been invaded by a Spanish guarda costa and that he was tortured and his ear torn off. He produced the ear to the House of Commons in 1738 and thus helped force England into "The War of Jenkins' Ear" against Spain in 1739. He also served with the East India Company and was governor of St. Helena for a time.

30; from where Cousin Ethelmer has returned from College; New Jersey's early colonial history was involved with that of New York, of which it was a part. New York was a Dutch colony until 1664, after which it was taken over, by the Duke of York, the King's brother. Hence the name. One year after the Dutch surrender to England, New Jersey was organized as an English colony under Gov. Philip Carteret. In 1676 the colony was divided between Carteret and a company of English Quakers who had obtained the rights belonging to John, Lord Berkeley. New Jersey became a united, crown colony in 1702, administered by the royal governor of New York. Finally, in 1738, New Jersey was separated from New York under its own royal governor, Lewis Morris.

266; 287; 328; 377; 420; 432; 479; College, 514; discovered by Blondelle, 519; Lesson I, 520; "a Financial Entity" 528; "Visitants from beneath the Ice" 531; 534; 543; 546; 601; physics, 604; 611; "five and a Quarter Degrees [...] removed from the Chinese Circle" 629; 687; 711; 772

Jethro's Tent

60; Jethro was a Midean priest into whose tent entered Moses, where he met his future wife, Zippora

Jewel blocks
The blocks at the ends of yards in ship's rigging through which halyards are passed so that you can properly raise the sail.

251-52; Gershom, 279; 285

15; "What is the Integral of One over (Book)d(Book)?" (Ans: Log Book), 19; about the Savior, 76; 115; 270; 278; 284; 344; 392; Parrot, 453; 566; King, 572-73; 604; 636; Quaker, 707; 736; Cannabalism, 745

158; Pynchon defines "Jobation" on page 730, as "lengthy Reproof"

John Company

125; aka East India Company (from "John Bull" which is slang for an Englishman or the English collectively); 479

111; Ferrer's Steward

Johnson Castle
531; Fortified residence of Sir William Johnson

Johnson, Barney
577; constable helping to seize Catherine Wheat's baby

Johnson, (Dr.) Samuel (1709-84)

35; Born in Lichfield, Staffordshire, Dr. Johnson (as he was always known - 'though a doctor he was not) was an English writer, critic, and conversationalist. Without taking a degree, he left college in 1731, taught awhile, wrote some, got married and, in 1737, moved to London and joined the ranks of "Grub Street", unsuccessfully plying his trade as a freelance writer. After many years struggling in poverty, he eventually found success, producing over his career an entire Dictionary, an edition of Shakespeare, a travel book, philosophical fictions, two eminent series of essays, and numerous biographies. In 1764, Dr. Johnson founded, with the painter Joshua Reynolds, "the Club," an artistic group, whose meetings were held at the Turk's Head in Gerald Street. It was attended my Edmund Burke, Oliver Goldsmith, David Garrick, Boswell, and Charles James Fox. Dr. Johnson's legacy is a commitment to biographical precision rather than routine panegyric; an analysis of expectation, self-delusion, and disappointment; a deep sympathy combined with nuanced judgment. Despite a prodigious lifetime output, Dr. Johnson suffered from a chronic sense that he was underusing his talent and was thus able to write about human failure with an empathy and acuity that few have matched before or since; 351; in Scotland, 744;

and Christopher Smart; and the Whigs; Dr. Johnson Website

Johnson, Sir William (1715-74)

532; he was the royal agent for Indian affairs and was negotiating with the Indians to allow M&D to further extend the line; "Irish Baronet"; 631; 636; 646; 675; 706

Jolly Pitman
12-13; Dixon's local in Staindrop; "at the edge of Cockfield Fell" 229; 242; 556; Mason in, 734

Jonah, Book of

Juan, Don

513; river in south-central Pennsylvania, 150mi long, flows east thru Mifflin, Juniata, and Perry into Susquehanna river

358; pulled Peter Redzinger from the hops

Mason & Dixon Alpha Guide
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